Just-Accepted Journal Articles

Just-Accepted Articles are peer-reviewed, accepted manuscripts that have been assigned Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) and undergo the normal publication process (copy editing, page composition, proofing by author, and finalization). A just-accepted article is removed when the final version of the manuscript is ready and assigned to a Journal of Environmental & Engineering Geophysics (JEEG) issue, becoming the official version of the article. The Just Accepted article has the same DOI that appears on the official version of the article; therefore, citations made to an article during the Just-Accepted stage will continue to link to the article's official version.

Return to this page as JEEG editors feature Just-Accepted Articles prior to the publication of the JEEG quarterly issue.  

Time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography and soil-gas measurements on abandoned mine tailings under a highly continental climate, Western Siberia, Russia

Nataliya V. Yurkevich, Svetlana B. Bortnikova, Vladimir V. Olenchenko, Tatyana A. Fedorova, Yuri G. Karin, Aleksey V. Edelev, Polina S. Osipova, and Olga P. Saeva

DOI: 10.32389/JEEG21-004

Mine tailings are a very active system in which the processes of oxidation, dissolution, and the re-deposition of substances occur in real-time. Time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography and soil-gas measurements have been used on abandoned mine tailings under a highly continental climate, Western Siberia, Russia. The electrical resistivity tomography method allows the structure of the tailings to be determined, namely, its electrophysical parameters, which are related to the chemical composition and geochemical characteristics of the subsurface substance. The aim of this work is to determine the variations in the geoelectrical zoning of sulfide-bearing mine tailings depending on fluctuations in environmental conditions, i.e., ground and air temperature, in conjunction with volatile compounds of environmental concern emanating from the tailings (SO2, CS2, C2H6S). The hourly observations revealed that the configuration of the geoelectrical section varies during the day. The concentration of gases in the surface air layer varied in accordance with the ambient temperature conditions. In general, the minimum gas concentrations were determined at night, and the increase in gas concentrations began when the temperature increased. The dependence of gas formation on temperature conditions differed during the daytime and nighttime. In warmer hours, gas concentrations are highest. At night, when there was a decrease in the temperature of air and then in the ground temperature, a local increase in the concentration of all measured gases occurred at the maximum temperature difference in the air (14.1 °C), and the ground remained relatively warm (20.8 °C). There is a close relationship between ground temperature, electrical resistivity, and the rate of gas production. Local anomalies with the greatest variation in electrical resistivity are associated with the zones that have the most active gas emanations.

A New Approach to Predict Hydrogeological Parameters Using Shear Waves from the Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves Method

Antonio E. Cameron, and Camelia C. Knapp

DOI: 10.32389/JEEG21-008

For near-surface contaminant characterization, the accurate prediction of hydrogeological parameters in anisotropic and heterogeneous environments has been a challenge since the last decades. However, recent advances in near-surface geophysics have facilitated the use of geophysical data for hydrogeological characterization in the last few years. A pseudo 3-D high resolution P-wave shallow seismic reflection survey was performed at the P Reactor Area, Savannah River Site, South Carolina in order to delineate and predict migration pathways of a large contaminant plume including trichloroethylene. This contaminant plume originates from the northwest section of the reactor facility that is located within the Upper Atlantic Coastal Plain. The data were collected with 40 Hz geophones, an accelerated weight-drop as seismic source and 1 m receiver spacing with near- and far-offsets of 0.5 and 119.5 m, respectively. In such areas with near-surface contaminants, a detailed subsurface characterization of the vadose zone hydraulic parameters is very important. Indeed, an inexpensive method of deriving such parameters by the use of seismic reflection surveys is beneficial, and our approach uses the relationship between seismic velocity and hydrogeological parameters together with empirical observations relating porosity to permeability and hydraulic conductivity. Shear wave velocity (Vs) profiles were estimated from surface wave dispersion analysis of the seismic reflection data and were subsequently used to derive hydraulic parameters such as porosity, permeability, and hydraulic conductivity. Additional geophysical data including core samples, vertical seismic profiling, surface electrical resistivity tomography, natural gamma and electrical resistivity logs allowed for a robust assessment of the validity and geological significance of the estimated Vs and hydrogeological models. The results demonstrate the usefulness of this approach for the upper 15 m of shallow unconsolidated sediments even though the survey design parameters were not optimal for surface wave analysis due to the higher than desired frequency geophones.

Seismic Shear-Wave Characterization of Sand and Gravel Groundwater Aquifers in Northern Illinois

Zonaed Sazal, Ahmed Ismail, and Jason Thomason

DOI: 10.32389/JEEG21-015

ABSTRACT: Groundwater is a nearly exclusive water resource, specifically for the communities which are part of the Chicago metropolitan area. However, water shortage is predicted for many communities in this region, and demand for locating and delineating groundwater is increasing to fulfill the water supply. Shallow sand and gravel aquifers within the glacial deposits of the area specifically are high volume aquifer and less stressed compare to deeper bedrock aquifer. Yet, these aquifers are poorly understood in terms of their extent and lateral variability. This study applied the shear-wave seismic reflection method to delineate the thickness, lateral extent, and internal variability of these aquifers. We acquired horizontally polarized shear-wave (SH-waves) reflection data along five profiles of a total length of 11 km using the land streamer technology in McHenry County in northern Illinois to delineate sand and gravel aquifers. As shear waves propagate through the rock matrix and less sensitive to the presence of water, information from nearby borings and water wells aided the interpretation of the acquired SH-wave seismic profiles. We delineated multiple sand and gravel units of potential aquifers of different thicknesses and lateral extent along with the seismic profiles. The relatively higher vertical and lateral resolution of the shear-waves reflection method and its insensitivity to water saturation or chemistry made it an ideal method to resolve sand and gravel units of potential aquifers within the complex geological environment if aided by water-well information.

Multi-scale pseudo-bending ray tracing for arbitrary complex media

Zhang Huan-Lan and Wang Bao-Li

DOI: 10.32389/JEEG19-007

ABSTRACT: Ray tracing is a fast and effective numerical simulation method of the seismic wavefield. It plays an important role in field data acquisition design, wavefield analysis and identification, tomography, and so on. In the ray-tracing method, the pseudo-bending method is fast and efficient, but it is not suitable for complex media with a sudden change of velocity. An improved pseudo-bending ray-tracing method is presented in this paper, which can be applied to any complex medium. The method first decomposes complex medium into multi-scale velocity components and then applies the pseudo-bending method to the velocity components of different scales. The numerical simulation of seismic wavefield from models shows that the improved multi-scale pseudo-bending method can be applied not only to a medium with continuous velocity variation but also to any complex medium with abrupt velocity change.

Time Series Data Inversion and Monitoring Method for Cross-hole ERT Based on an Improved Extended Kalman Filter

Zhengyu Liu, Yongheng Zhang, Xinxin Zhang, Huaihong Wang, Lichao Nie, Xinji Xu, Ning Wang, and Ningbo Li

DOI: 10.32389/JEEG20-051

ABSTRACT: In recent decades, the DC resistivity method has been applied to geophysical monitoring because of its sensitivity to hydrogeological properties. However, existing inversion algorithms cannot give a reasonable image if fluid migration is sudden and unpredictable. Additionally, systematic or measurement errors can severely interfere with accurate object location. To address these issues, we propose an improved time series inversion method for cross-hole electrical resistivity tomography (cross-hole ERT) based on the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF). Traditional EKF includes two steps to obtain the current model state: prediction and correction. We improved the prediction step by introducing the grey time series prediction method to create a new regular model sequence that can infer the potential trend of underground resistivity changes and provide a prior estimation state for reference during the next moment. To include more current information in the prior estimation state and decrease the non-uniqueness, the prediction model needs to be further updated by the least-squares method. For the correction step, we used single time-step multiple filtering to better deal with the case of sudden and rapid changes. We designed three different numerical tests simulating rapid changes in a fluid to validate the proposed method. The proposed method can capture rapid changes in the groundwater transport rate and direction of the groundwater movement for real-time imaging. Model and field experiments were performed. The inversion results of the model experiment were generally consistent with the results of dye tracing, and the groundwater behavior in the field experiment was consistent with the predicted groundwater evolution process.